Lexical Layers of Identity in Slavic Languages
Focusing on Slavic languages, Danko Šipka provides a systematic approach to lexical indicators of cultural identity, postulating the following three layers: deep, exchange, and surface. The deep layer pertains to culture-specific words, divisions, and features that are generally not subject to change and intervention. The exchange layer includes lexical markers of cultural influences resulting from lexical borrowing, which situates the speakers into various cultural circles. This layer is subject to gradual changes and some limited level of intervention from linguistic elites is possible. Finally, the surface layer encompasses the processes and consequences of lexical planning. It is subject to abrupt changes and it is shaped in constant negotiation between linguistic elites and general body of speakers.
Danko Šipka is a professor of Slavic languages and head of the German, Slavic, and Romanian Faculty at Arizona State University, where he teaches Bosnian/Croatian/Serbian, Polish, and Slavic linguistics in the School of International Letters and Cultures. He also holds a titular (presidential) professorship conferred upon him by the president of the Republic of Poland. His previous experience includes stints at the universities of Sarajevo, Belgrade, Poznan, Wroclaw, Warsaw, the Jagiellonian University, and the universities of Munich and Dusseldorf. He has also completed research fellowships at Hokkaido University and the Australian National University. Dr. Šipka served as a senior linguist or consultant to numerous language industry companies. He holds a Ph.D. in linguistics from the University of Belgrade, a doctorate in psychology from the Polish Academy of Sciences, and an M.A. in Russian from the University of Poznan. Prof. Šipka is an ACTFL-certified Oral Proficiency Tester for Polish and English and a certified interpreter for the IRS, Homeland Security Department, and the Department of Justice. He is also a regular evaluator for the American Council on Education and the Department of Education. He is currently president-elect of NFMLTA. Danko Šipka's research interests include lexicography, lexicology, lexical and inflectional morphology, computational linguistics, and computer-assisted language learning. His publications encompass over 150 papers and reviews as well as 30 books. His most recent monograph is titled Lexical Layers of Identity (Cambridge University Press, 2019 forthcoming).