Comparative Literature-Czech [CLCZ]
GU4020. Czech Culture before Czechoslovakia. 3 pts. C. Harwood
An interpretive cultural history of the Czechs from earliest times to the founding of the first Czechoslovak republic in 1918. Emphasis on the origins, decline and resurgence of Czech national identity as reflected in the visual arts, architecture, music, historiography, and especially the literature of the Czechs.
GU4030. Postwar Czech Literature. 3 pts. C. Harwood
A survey of postwar Czech fiction and drama. Knowledge of Czech not necessary. Parallel reading lists available in translation and in the original.
GU4035. The Writers of Prague. 3 pts. C. Harwood
Readings in English. A survey of the Czech, German and German-Jewish literary cultures of Prague from 1910 to 1930. Emphasis on Hašek, Čapek, Kafka, Werfel, and Rilke.
GU4038. Prague Spring of '68 In Film and Literature. 3 pts. C. Harwood
The course explores the unique period in Czech film and literature during the 1960's that emerged as a reaction to the imposed socialist realism. The new generation of writers (Kundera, Skvorecky, Havel, Hrabal) in turn had an influence on young emerging film makers, all of whom were part of the Czech new wave.
Comparative Literature - Polish [CLPL]
GU4040. Mickiewicz. 3 pts. C. Caes.
The Polish literary scene that in this particular period stretched from Moscow, Petersburg, and Odessa, to Vilna, Paris, Rome. The concept of exile, so central to Polish literature of the 19th-century and world literature of the 20th will be introduced and discussed. The course will offer the opportunity to see the new Romantic trend initially evolving from classicism, which it vigorously opposed and conquered. We will examine how the particular literary form - sonnet, ballad, epic poem and the romantic drama developed on the turf of the Polish language. Also we will see how such significant themes as madness, Romantic suicide, Romantic irony, and elements of Islam and Judaism manifested themselves in the masterpieces of Polish poetry. The perception of Polish Romanticism in other, especially Slavic, literatures will be discussed and a comparative approach encouraged.Most of the texts to be discussed were translated into the major European languages. Mickiewicz was enthusiastically translated into Russian by the major Russian poets of all times; students of Russian may read his works in its entirety in that language. The class will engage in a thorough analysis of the indicated texts; the students' contribution to the course based on general knowledge of the period, of genres, and/or other related phenomena is expected.
GU4042. Bestsellers of Polish Literature 4 pts. C. Caes
A study of the 20th-century Polish novel during its most invigorated, innovative inter-war period. A close study of the major works of Kuncewiczowa, Choromanski, Wittlin, Unilowski, Kurek, Iwaszkiewicz, Gombrowicz, and Schulz. The development of the Polish novel will be examined against the background of new trends in European literature, with emphasis on the usage of various narrative devices. Reading knowledge of Polish desirable but not required. Parallel reading lists are available in the original and in translation.
GU4120. The Polish Short Story In a Comparative Context. 3 pts. C. Caes
The course examines the beginnings of the Polish short story in the 19th century and its development through the late 20th century, including exemplary works of major Polish writers of each period. It is also a consideration of the short story form--its generic features, its theoretical premises, and the way these respond to the stylistic and philosophical imperatives of successive periods.
GU4300. Unbound and Post-Dependent: The Polish Novel After 1989. 3pts. C. Caes
This seminar is designed to offer an overview of Post-1989 Polish prose. The literary output of what is now called post-dependent literature demonstrates how political transformations influenced social and intellectual movements and transformed the narrative genre itself. The aesthetic and formal developments in Polish prose will be explored as a manifestation of a complex phenomenon bringing the reassesment of national myths, and cultural aspirations. Works by Dorota Maslowska, Andrzej Stasiuk, Pawel Huelle, Olga Tokarczuk, Magdalena Tulli and others will be read and discussed. Knowledge of Polish not required.
Comparative Literature-Russian [CLRS]
GU4011. Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and the English Novel. 3 pts. L. Knapp.
A close reading of works by Dostoevsky (Netochka Nezvanova; The Idiot; "A Gentle Creature") and Tolstoy (Childhood, Boyhood, Youth; "Family Happiness"; Anna Karenina; "The Kreutzer Sonata") in conjunction with related English novels (Bronte's Jane Eyre, Eliot's Middlemarch, Woolf's Mrs. Dalloway). No knowledge of Russian is required.
GU4015. Dostoevsky and Nabokov: Narratives of Transgression and Madness. 3 pts. D. Martinsen.
A close reading of works by Dostoevsky (The Double, Notes from Underground, Crime and Punishment, "The Meek One," The Brothers Karamazov) and Nabokov (Despair, Lolita). Paying particular attention to narrative strategies, the course will prepare students to apply their knowledge of Dostoevskian plot, thematics, and literary technique to two novels by the great Dostoevsky-denier Nabokov.
GU4016. Petersburg Texts. 3 pts. D. Martinsen.
This course will explore the concept of the Petersburg Text, its origins, development, and continuations. We will read classic, nineteenth-centurt Petersburg texts by Pushin ("The Bronze Horseman," "The Queen of Spades"), Gogol (the Petersburg tales), and Dostoevsky ("White Nights," The Double, Crime and Punishment) Leskov's parody of the tradition ("Apparation at the Engineer's Castle"), Bely's Petersburg, Daniil Kharms' 'old women" stories, Vladimir Nabokov's Lolita, and some contemporary Petersburg noir stories. No knowledge of Russian required.
GU4022. Russia & Asia: Orientalism, Eurasianism, Internationalism. 3 pts. E. Tyerman.
This course explores the formation of Russian national and imperial identity through ideologies of geography, focusing on a series of historical engagements with the concept of "Asia." How has the Mongol conquest shaped a sense of Russian identity as something destinct from Europe? How has Russian culture participated in Orientalist portrayals of conquered Asian lands, while simultaneously being Orientalized by Europe and, indeed, Orientalizing itself? How do concepts of Eurasianism and socialist internationalism, both arising in the ealry 20th century, seek to redraw the geography of Russia's relations with East and West? We will explore these questions through a range of materials, including: literary texts by Russian and non-Russian writers (Pushkin, Lermontov, Tolstoy, Solovyov, Bely, Blok, Pilnyak, Khlebnikov, Planotov, Xiao Hong, Kurban Said, Aitimatov, Iskander, Bordsky); films (Eisenstein, Tarkovsky, Kalatozov, Paradjanov, Mikhalkov); music and dance (the Ballets Russes); visual art (Vereshchagin, Roerich); and theoretical and secondary readings by Chaadaev, Said, Bassin, Trubetskoy, Leontievm, Lenin, and others.
GU4032. Emancipation of the Self in (Early 20th Century) Russia and the European Modern. 3 pts. J. Wermuth-Atkinson
A survey of the conceptual commonalities in 20th century Russian and Western European literature, art, architecture, theater, and music. Emphasis will be on the views of the Self, the relationship between matter and psyche, and the reality and appearance, discussed in the context of Russian Symbolism, analytical psychology, and the Modern.
GU4038. Dostoevsky in the 1870s: Demons, Diary of a Writer, Adolescent, and Dickens. 3pts. L. Knapp.
A study of Dostoevsky and Dickens as two writers whose engagement in the here and now was vital to their work and to their practice of the novel. Reading from Dostoevsky cluster in the 1870s and include two novels, Demons (1872) and Adolescent (1876), and selections from his Diary of a Writer. Readings from Dickens span his career and include, in addition to David Copperfield (1850), sketched and later essays.
GU4104. Behind the Nylon Curtain: Space Race, Architecture and Cinematography During the Cold War. 3 pts. K. Vytuleva
This seminar explores space race, architecture and cinematography of the Cold War in a bi-polarized world with special emphasis on cultural memories, curatorial practices, and object-based learning. Being extracted from literature and journalism, tested on the territory of mass media and popular culture, Cold War phenomenon operates with the illusional nature of canonic cultural codes, empowering visional metaphors with the military instrumental and vocabulary of forms. Operating with the concept of synthetic, anti-biological and quasi-transparent Nylon Curtain versus the solidity of the iron barrio might allow us to look at the Cold War phenomenon even more critically and to contextualize it within the broader fabric of contemporary arts and its transcultural agenda.
GU4107. Russian Literature and Culture in the New Millennium. 3pts. E. Tyerman
Survey of Russian literature and culture from the late 1970s until today. Works by Petrushevskaya, Pelevin, Tolstaya, Sorokin, Ulitskaya, Akunin, Rubinshtein, Prigov, Vasilenko, and others. Literature, visual art, and film are examined in social and political contaxt. Knowledge of Russian not required.
GU4155. History of Russian & Soviet Film. 3 pts. E. Tyerman
This course surveys developments in Russian film history and style from the prerevolutionary beginnings of cinema through the Soviet and post-Soviet experience. We will be studying both the aesthetic qualities of the films and their historical and cultural contexts. Students will be exposed to a wide range of visual media, including experimental films of the 1920s, films on Russia's experience of World War II, Soviet classics, late Soviet and contemporary Russian films. Readings will include theoretical articles and selections from Russian film history and criticism. All readings are in English and the films will be screened with English subtitles.
GU4309. Nineteenth Century Narrative Dilemmas. 3 pts. D. Martinsen.
This course will explore narrative strategies developed by Russian authors as they created a literary tradition that would change the world. Starting with Pushkin's first completed prose work, we will explore how narrative frames, structures, genre, and authorial choices contribute to textual explorations of identity, responsibility, love, violence and revenge. Texts covered willinclude: Pushkin's "Tale of Belkin," Lermontov's "Hero of Our Time," Gogol's "The Diary of a Madman,""The Nose,""The Overcoat," Dostoevsky's "The Double and Demons," Tolstoy's "War and Peace," and Leskov's "The Enchanted Wanderer." No knowledge of Russian required.
GU4451. The Cultural Cold War. 3 pts. Staff
This course will examine major developments in Soviet society after WWII through the prism of the Cold War. Organized thematically and chronologically, it will focus selectively on specific episodes of Soviet-American relations by drawing on a variety of media. Students will read, discuss and evaluate a broad range of primary and secondary sources and think critically about historical writing, the relationship bewtween art and politics, mass culture and proaganda, spy novels, memiors and travelogues. Films by Sergi Eisenstein, Andrei Tarkovsky, Stanley Kubrick, and John Frankenheimer. Prose and poetry by Andrei Voznesensky, Viktor Pelevin, Svetlana Alexievich, Vasily Aksyonov, Viktor Nekrasov and others.
GU4676. Russian Art between East and West: The Search for National Identity. 3 pts. E. Valkenier
Aims to be more than a basic survey that starts with icons and ends with the early modernists. Taking an interdisciplinary approach, it aims to highlight how the various cultural transmissions interacted to produce, by the 1910s, an original national art that made an innovative contribution to world art. It discusses the development of art not only in terms of formal, aesthetic analysis, but also in the matrix of changing society, patronage system, economic life and quest for national identity. Several guest speakers will discuss the East-West problematic in their related fields-for example, in literature and ballet.
GR6110. The Discourse of Self in Russia and the West. 4 pts. Staff
The evolution of self-narrative in Russian literature, including both fiction and non-fiction, in comparison with canonical Western texts. Emphasis on the aesthetic and ethical tensions inherent in the project of self-narration, the ways in which major Russian and Western authors addressed these problems, and parallels between personal and national self-definition.
GR6132. Studies in the Nineteenth-Century Novel: Dostoevsky, Tolstoy, and their French, English, and American Precursors. 4pts. L. Knapp
This seminar explores the relations between the novels of Tolstoy and Dostoevsky and the nineteenth-century English, French, and American novels that the Russian novelists responded to as they adapted the form to their Russian reality and vision. Novels are clustered by type (the social problem novel, the novel of the city, novels about wars against Napoleon and his spirit, the political novel, the Bildungsroman, the novel of adultery). non-Russian novelists include: Balzac, Flaubert, Stendhal, Sue (French); Ch. Bronte, Dickens, Gaskell, Eliot, Thackeray (English); Beecher Stowe, Hawthorne (American). Students may read Russian and French works in English translation.
GR6201. Bakhtin. 4 pts. Staff
An examination of the literary and cultural theory of Mikhail Bakhtin.
GR6401. Russian Futurism and Its Influence. 4 pts. B. Gasparov
Exploration of the poetics and philosophy of language of the Russian Futurists in comparison with Italian Futurism and other trends in the Russian and Western avant-garde. Examination of the impact of the Russian avant-garde rebellion on literature and aesthetic ideas of the pre-revolutionary and early Soviet period. Prerequisite: reading knowledge of Russian.
Comparative Literature-Slavic [CLSL]
GU4003. Central European Drama In the Twentieth Century. 3 pts. I. Sanders
Focus will be on the often deceptive modernity of modern Central and East European theater and its reflection of the forces that shaped modern European society. It will be argued that the abstract, experimental drama of the twentieth-century avant-garde tradition seems less vital at the century's end than the mixed forms of Central and East European dramatists.
GU4004. Introduction to Twentieth-Century Central Europena Fiction. 3 pts. I. Sanders.
This course introduces stuents to the works of literature that offer a unique perspective on the temptestuous twentieth century, if only because these works for the most part were written in "minor" languages (Czech, Polish, Hungarian, Serbian), in countries long considered part of the European backwaters, whose people were not makers but victims of history. Yet the authors of many of these works are today ranked among the masters of modern literature. Often hailing from highly strasfied, conservative societies, many Eastern and Central Europena writers became daring literary innovators and experimenters. To the present day, writers from this "other" Europe try to escape history, official cultures, politics, and end up redefining them for their readers. We will be dealing with a disparate body of literature, varied both in form and content. But we will try to pinpoint subtle similarities, in tone and sensibility, and focus, too, on the more apparent preoccupation with certain themes that may be called characteristically Central European.
GU4025. Literature and Ideology: Balkan Modernism. 3 pts. Valentina Izmirlieva
A survey of the twentieth-century literature of Greece, Bulgaria, Macedonia, Serbia and Montenegro, Bosnia, Albania, and Romania (in translation), with a focus upon the role of literature in modern Balkan politics. The course explores “the Balkans” – the cultural entity, the political phenomenon, the ideological construct – from the vantage point of the best modernist and postmodernist texts created in the region. The reading list includes poetry by Constantine Cavafy, novels by Ivo Andric and Ismail Kadare, short-stories by Danilo Kis read in conjunction with his fathers by choice, Jorge Luis Borges and Bruno Schultz, films by two of Europe’s most acclaimed directors of the 1990s: Emir Kusturica and Theo Angelopolus.
GU4075. Soviet and Post Soviet, Colonial and Post Colonial Film. 3 pts. Y. Shevchuk.
The course will discuss how film making has been used as a vehicle of power and control in the Soviet Union and in post-Soviet space since 1991. A body of selected films by Soviet and post-Soviet directors that exemplify the function of film making as a tool of appropriation of the colonized, their cultural and political subordination by the Soviet center will be examined in terms of post-colonial theories. The course will also focus on the often over looked work of Ukrainian, Georgian, Belarusian, Armenian, etc. national film schools and how they particpated in the communist project of forstering as well as resisting it.
GU4995. Central European Jewish Writers. 3 pts. I. Sanders
Examines prose and poetry by writers generally less accessible to the American student written in the major Central European languages: German, Hungarian, Czech and Polish. The problematics of assimilation, the search for identity, political commitment and disillusionment are major themes, along with the defining experience of the century: the Holocaust; but because these writers are often more removed from their Jewishness, their perspective on these events and issues may be different. The influence of Franz Kafka on Central European writers, the post-Communist Jewish revival, defining the Jewish voice in an otherwise disparate body of works.
GR6100. Comparative Grammar of Slavic Languages. 4 pts. B. Gasparov
Comprehensive survey of the development of Slavic phonology and grammar, from its reconstructed Proto-Slavic state to modern Slavic languages. General theoretical questions, such as methodological problems of historical reconstruction, the nature of the proto-language, hypotheses concerning the origin and early migrations of the Indo-Europeans and Slavs, would also be discussed. Prerequisites: knowledge of at least one Slavic language; no special linguistic training is required.
GR6200. Muslim/Christian in Balkan Narratives. 4 pts. Valentina Izmirlieva
This course explores the tangled relations of Muslims and Christians in the Balkans through the stories they tell of each other and the foreign narratives about themselves that they import, absorb, and resist. The course defines "narrative" broadly and probes creative storytelling across media and genres, asking methodological questions about narration and narrative inquiry and developing students' skills for reading both narrative texts and the complex social contexts that produce and sustain them. Its introductory part, "Cities of the Book: Geographies of Conflict and Coexistence," will familiarize students with the region through case studies of three cities that have served as symbols of Balkan conflict and convivencia: Sarajevo, Thessaloniki, and Istanbul. The second part, "(Broken) Mirrors and Bridges (to Nowhere)," focuses on four novels by highly visible fiction writers from the region (Pamuk, Pavić, Andrić, and Kadare). In the third part, "My Neighbor, My Enemy," students—drawing from a range of heterogeneous narratives—are invited to consider whether Muslim-Christian violence is indeed inevitable, how interreligious hatred can be countered, and what effective strategies exist for cultivating "neighborliness" in multi-religious societies. No knowledge of Balkan languages required.
GR8020-G8021. Directed Research In Slavic Cultures. 3 pts.
Comparative Literature and Society [CPLS]
GR6160. The New Post-Coloniality: Overcoming The West. 4 pts. Armstrong
Postcolonial studies started with a South Asia model. This model needs to be displaced, expanded, and altered with reference to other “colonial” histories and spaces. This seminar will approach such an intersectional project with reference particularly to Eastern Asia and the post-Soviet world. Through the exploration of texts from literature, literary theory, history, and the social sciences, the course addresses relations and representations of power and inequality across space and time. Visit the Center for Comparative Literature and Society for more information.
GU4333. Readings in Czech Literature I. 3 pts. C. Harwood.
Prerequisites: Two years of college Czech or the equivalent. A close study in the orginal of representative works of Czech literature. Discussion and writing assignments in Czech aimed at developing advanced language proficiency.
GU4334. Readings in Czech Literature II. 3 pts. C. Harwood.
Prerequisites: Two years of college Czech or the equivalent. A close study in the original of representative works of Czech literature. Discussion and writing assignments in Czech aimed at developing advanced language proficiency.
GR8001-GR8003. Directed Research in Czech Literature. 3-4 pts. Staff
GU4280. Religion in Russia: Culture, History, Institutions. 3 points. V. Izmirlieva
From Prince Valdimir's Rus' to the Post-Soviet Russia of Vladimir Putin, religion has remained a key factor in the making and remaking of Russian polity and culture. This course will explore how Orthodox Christianity - whether privileged or persecuted - came to dominate the Russian religious scene, while also addressing the share of Islam, Judaism, Catholicism, and other religious traditions in shaping Russian institutions, discourses and lived experiences. Popular religion, cutting across various confessions and producing peculiar hybrids, will be of special interest, and so will be the proliferations of schisms within established religious groups. Students will draw from a variety of primary and secondary sources - chronicles, saints' lives, travel narratives, memoirs, letters, legal documents, icons and other ritual objects, newspaper accounts and photographs, films and fiction texts, as well as a large body of scholarly works - to examine how Russia's religious past and its rewriting into competing "histories" have been used over time as "legacies" shaping the present and the future. Knowledge of Russian is not required, although ability to consult original Russian sources is expected from students who pursue a degree in Russian history or Russian literature and culture.
GR6000. Creative Dissidence in Post Stalin Period. 4 pts. Staff.
This course surveys primary texts of the Soviet literary and artistic dissidence during the post-Stalin period, placing aesthetic praxis in dialogue with the theory and practice of human rights both in their historical development as they are currently construed. Readings will focus on literary texts and memoirs produced during the late Soviet period, most of which were denied publication in their country of origin. Important dissident events performed in other art forms, including the fine arts, music, architecture, and cinema will also be considered.
GR8445. Legacies of Empire and the Soviet Union. 4 pts. Staff
GU4028. Modern Hungarian Prose Fiction in Translation. 3 pts. I. Sanders
Exploration of themes and styles in 20th-century Hungarian prose fiction. Topics include turn-of-the-century modernism, "populist and urban" literature in the inter-war years, post-1945 reality in fiction, comparative literature memoirs and reportage, late-century minimalist and postmodernist trends.
GU4050. The Hungarian New Wave: Cinema in Kádárist Hungary. 3 pts. I. Sanders
Hungarian cinema, like film making in Czechoslovakia, underwent a renaissance in the 1960's, but the Hungarian new wave continued to flourish in the 70's and film remained one of the most important art forms well into the 80's. This course examines the cultural, social and political context of representative Hungarian films of the Kadarist period, with special emphasis on the work of such internationally known filmmakers as Miklos Jancso, Karoly Makk, Marta Meszaros, and Istvan Szabo. In addition to a close analysis of individual films, discussion topics will include the "newness" of the new wave in both form and content (innovations in film language, cinematic impressionism, allegorical-parabolic forms, auteurism, etc.), the influence of Italian, French, German, and American cinema, the relationship bewtween film and literature, the role of film in cultures of Communist Eastern Europe, the state of contemporary Hungarian cinema. The viewing of the films will be augmented by readings on Hungarian cinema, as well as of relevant Hungarian literary works.
Slavic and General Linguistics [SLLN, CLLN, LING]
SLLN GU4005. Introduction to Old Church Slavonic. 4 pts. A. Timberlake, V. Izmirlieva
An abridged course in Old Church Slavonic phonology and morphology, with some attention to the role of Church Slavonic in shaping the lexicon of modern Russia.
RUSS GR6225. History of the Russian Literary Language. 4 pts. B. Gasparov
Prerequisite: Slavic Linguistics G4005, Introduction to Old Church Slavonic. A survey of styles and genres of the Russian written language at major epochs in their development from Kievan Rus through the early twentieth century.
SLLN GR8020-G8021. Directed Research in Slavic Linguistics. 3 pts. Staff
LING UN3101. Introduction to Linguistics. 3 pts. B. Gasparov, A. Timberlake.
Parameters of the structure of language: phonology, grammar, semantics, concepts and methods of theoretical linguistics and their role in the study of cognitive, communicative and social functions of language.
LING GU4108. Language History. 3 pts. Staff.
Prerequisites: LING W3101. Language, like all components of culture, is structured and conventional yet can nevertheless change over time. This course examines how language changes, firstly as a self-contained system that changes organically and autonomously, and secondly, as contextualized habits that change in time, in space, and in communities.
LING GU4170. Language and Symbol. 3 pts. B. Gasarov.
Prerequisite: LING UN3101. Reading and discussing scholarly literature on various aspects of the meaning, structure, and functioning of signs in language, art, and society. All the reading for the course is drawn from original scholarly literature, some of it of highly specialised nature. At some points (for instance, while discussing dimensions of the linguistic signs, or parameters of structural poetics), theoretical reading will be supplemented by brief practical assignments.
LING GU4171. Languages of Africa. 3 pts. J. McWhorter
The African continent is home not to simply a collection of similar "African dialects," but to at least 1000 distinct languages that belong to five language families, none of them any more closely related than English and its relatives are to Japanese. This includes the Semitic languages that emerged in the Middle East and are now most commonly associated with Arabic and Hebrew, the famous "click" languages of Southern Africa whose origins are still shrouded by mystery, and in the case of Malagasy on Madagascar, the Austronesian family of Southeast Asia and Oceania - the language traces to speakers who travelled over the ocean from Borneo to Africa. This course will examine languages in all of these families, with a focus on how they demonstrate a wide array of linguistic processes and how they interact with social history, anthropology, and geography.
LING GU4190. Discourse and Pragmatics. 3 pts. Staff
Prerequisite: LING UN3101. How discourse works, how language is used: oral vs. written modes of language, the structure of discourse, speech acts and speech genres, the expression of power, authenticity, and solidarity in discourse, dialogicity, pragmatics, mimesis.
LING GU4202. Cognative Linguistics. 3pts. Staff
Prerequisite: LING UN3101, previously or concurrently. Reading and discussion of scholarly literature on the cognative approach of language, including: usage oriented approaches to language, frame semantics, construction grammar, theories of conceptual metaphor and mental spaces; alongside of experimental research on language acquisition, language memory, prototypical and analogous, and the role of visual imagery in language processing.
LING GU4204 Linguistic Theory. 3 pts. B. Gasparov
Prerequisite: LING W3101, previously or concurrently. A survey of theoretical approaches to meaning in twentieth -century linguistics and philosophy of language. The course involves reading and discussion of original scholarly literature on semantics by authors such as: de Saussure, Jakobson, Chomsky, Wittgenstein, Fillmore, Derrida; reading is accompanied by practical work aimed at testing different aspects of meaning and linguistic models. Among models discussed in the course are strcutural semantics and semiotics, generative grammar.
LING GU4376. Phonetics and Phonology. 3 pts. Staff
Prerequisite: LING UN3101. An investigation of the sounds of human language, from the perspective of phonetics (articulation and acoustics, including computer-aided acoustic analysis) and phonology (the distribution and function of sounds in individual languages).
LING GU4800 Language and Society. 3 pts. Staff
Prerequisite: LING UN3101. How language structure and usage and varies according to special factors such as social history and socioeconomic factors, illustrated with study modules on langauge contact, language standardization and literacy, quantitative sociolinguistic theory, and the history, present and future of language usage in the former Soviet Union.
LING GU4903. Syntax. 3 pts. Staff
Prerequisite: LING UN3101. Syntax - the combination of words - has been at the center of the Chomskyan revolution in Linguistics. This course examines contemporary syntactic theories, focusing on later versions of generative syntax (Government and Binding, Minimalism), with secondary attention to alternative models (HPSG< Categorial Grammar).
GU4040. Mickiewicz. 3 pts. C. Caes
The major works of Adam Mickiewicz. Students with sufficient knowledge of Polish are required to do the readings in the original. Parallel reading list for readers and non-readers of Polish.
GU4042. Bestsellers of Polish Prose: Literature and Film. 3 pts. C. Caes
A close study of the twentieth-century Polish novel during the prewar period. Readings from major works of Kuncewiczowa, Choromański, Wittlin, Unilowski, Kurek, Iwaszkiewicz, Gombrowicz, and Schulz. The development of the Polish novel will be examined against the background of new trends in European literature and film, and the use of various narrative devices will be studied. A reading knowledge of Polish is desirable but not required.
GU4110. The Polish Novel. 3 pts. Staff.
A consideration of the evolution of the novel form in Polish literature from the Baroque memoir through the Enlightenment, Positivism, modernism, and the avant-gardists of the Twentieth Century. Reading knowledge of Polish desirable but not required. Papers and discussion in English.
GR8001-GR8002. Directed Research in Polish Literature. 3-4 pts. Staff
GU4006. Modern Russian Religious Thought. 3 pts. L. Knapp
This course examines the interaction of religious thought, praxis, and literature in the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. As the Russian Empire sought to define it place in the world, many Russian writers and thinkers turned to religious experience as a source of meaning. A varied body of work emerged as they responded to the tradition of Russian Orthodoxy. The goals of this course are to acquaint students with key texts of Russian religious thought and to give students the knowledge and tools required for critical inquiry into the religious dimension of Russian literature and culture.
GU4014. Introduction To Russian Poetry and Poetics. 3 pts. Staff.
An introduction to Russian poetry, through the study of selected texts of major poets of the nineteenth and twentieth centuries, primarily: Pushkin, Lermontov, Pavlova, Tiutchev, Blok, Mandel'shtam, Akhmatova, Tsvetaeva, and Brodsky. Classes devoted to the output of a single poet will be interspersed with classes that draw together the poems of different poets in order to show the reflexivity of the Russian poetic canon. These classes will be organized according either to types of poems or to shared themes. The course will teach the basics of verisification, poetic languages (sounds, tropes), and poetic forms. Classes in English; poetry read in Russian.
GU4039. Literature, Politics, and Tradition After Socialist Realism. 4 pts. Staff
The major writers and trends in Russian literature from the death of Stalin to the present. Emphasis on the rethinking of the role of literature in society and on formal experimentation engendered by relaxation of political controls over literature. A knowledge of Russian is not required.
GU4107. Russian Literature and Culture in the New Millennium. 3pts. E. Tyerman
Survey of Russian literature and culture from the late 1970s until today. Works by Petrushevskaya, Pelevin, Tolstaya, Sorokin, Ulitskaya, Akunin, Rubinshtein, Prigov, Vasilenko and others. Literature, visual art, and film, are examined in social and political context.
GU4108. The Great Experiment: Russian Media in the Long 20th Century. 3 pts. Staff
The course will examine key events of Russian cultural history from the 1870s until today from the point of view of the concept of medium. it will begin with some theoretical definitions and proceed with a closer look at optical, audio and print media and their role in promoting mass culture, avant-garde experiments of the 1920s and 1930s, Soviet propaganda and dissident practices, and post-Soviet uses artistic and political uses of new media. Works by Mayakovsky, II'f and Petrov, Reenburg, Shklovsky. Critical readings by Marshall McLuhan, Lev Manovich, Katherine Hayles, and Boris Groys.
GU4331. Chteniia po russkoi literature: Turgenev. 3 pts. I. Reyfman.
The course is devoted to reading and discussing the works of Ivan Turgenev. Taught entirely in Russian.
GU4332. Chteniia po russkoi literature: Gogol. I. Reyfman.
The course is devoted to reading of representative works of Nikolai Gogol. Taught entirely in Russian, it requires reading of Gogol's stories and a play, discussing them in class, and writing a number of short analytical essays about these texts, it does allow students to familiarize themselves with some of the most important Gogol's works as well as to improve their reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills.
GU4338. Chteniia po russkoi literature: Voina i mir. 3 pts. I. Reyfman.
The course is devoted to reading and discussing of Tolstoy's masterpiece. Classes are conducted entirely in Russian.
GU4344. Chteniia po russkoi kul'ture: Advanced Russian Through History: 19 Century to the Present. 3pts. Staff. A language course designed to meet the needs of those non-heritage and heritage learners of Russian who want to develop further their reading, speaking and writing skills and to be introduced to the history of Russia. Prerequisite: completion of UN3101-UN3102 or placement test
GU4345. Chteniia po russkoi kul'ture: Advanced Russian Through History: 9 – 18 Centuries. 3pts. Staff. A language course designed to meet the needs of those non-heritage and heritage learners who want to further develop their reading, speaking, and writing skills and be introduced to the history of Russia. Prerequisite: completion of UN3101-UN3102 or placement test
GU4346. Chteniia po russkoi kul'ture: Russian Folklore and the Folkloric Tradition. 3 pts. Staff.
Prerequisites: Three years of college Russian and the instructor's permission. Reading and discussion of the principal genres of traditional and contemporary Russian folklore and readings about Russian folk customs. Conducted in Russian.
GU4347. Chteniia po russkoi kul'ture: Contemporary Social Sciences. 3pts. A. Smyslova.
Prerequisites: Five semesters of college level Russian or four semesters of college level Russian and participation in a study abroad program in a Russian speaking country and the instructor's permission. This course is designed to meet the needs of advanced undergraduate and graduate students across several fields -- the natural sciences, social sciences, humanities, fine arts, business, law and others -- who wish to focus on acquisition of high-proficiency reading skills that will allow them to conduct research using written Russian-language academic sources.
GU4348. Chteniia po russkoi kul'ture: Advanced Russian Through the Media. 3 pts. I. Kun. Prerequisite: Three Years of college Russian or the equivalent. This course is designed to meet the needs of advanced students of Russian across several fields - the humanities, social sciences, law, arts, and others - who want to further develop their speech, comprehension, reading, and writing and be introduced to the contemporary Russian media. This addition to our series of courses in Advanced Russian through cultural content provides training for research and professional work in Russian.
GU4349. Chteniia po russkoi kul'ture: Advanced Russian Through Song. 3 pts. I. Kun.
This is a concept based course designed to develop students' ability to understand fluent Russian speech and express their opinions on various social and cultural topics in both oral and written form.
GU4350 Language, Culture, Society in Russia Today. Prerequisite: Completion of UN3102 or placement test.
GU4354. Chteniia po russkoi literature: A Hero of Our Time and Other Superfluous People. 3 pts. N. Kun.
This course focuses on the study and analysis of Mikhail Lermontov's, "A Her of Our Time" - one of the most influential Russian novels of the 19th century - in its broader social, artistic, and intellectual context. Students will trace the development of the so-called "superfluous man," a strikingly ubiquitous character type whose recurrent appearance throughout the broader history of Russian literature makes him one of the most recognizable national characters.
GU4431y. Reading Practicum. 2 pts. Staff
A close reading of a major work of Russian literature with special attention paid to pronunciation, intonation and style.
GU4432. Contrastive Phonetics and Grammar of Russian and English. 3 pts. Staff
Prerequisite: four years of college Russian and instructor’s permission. Comparative phonetic, intonational, and morphological structures of Russian and English, with special attention to typical problems for American speakers of Russian.
GU4433. Specific Problems in Mastering and Teaching Russian. 3 pts. Staff
Prerequisite: four years of college Russian and instructor’s permission. The Russian verb (basic stem system, aspect, locomotion); prefixes; temporal, spatial, and causal relationships; word order; word formation.
GU4434. Practical stylistics [in Russian]. 3 pts. Staff
Prerequisite: Four years of college Russian or the equivalent. Practice in the varieties of narrative and expository writing. Development of vocabulary and syntactic structures appropriate for abstract discourse.
GU4452. Russian Modernism Through the Lens of Music. 3pts. B. Gasparov.
A historical survey of trends of Russian musical modernism in the context of Russian cultural history of the first half of the twentieth century. Works by Chaikovsky, Rimsky-Korsakov, Scriabin, Stravinsky, Prokofiev, Mosolov, Shostakovich and Schnittke will be considered alongside notable events of contemporary literature, visual art, and aesthetic theory. Knowledge of Russian is not required.
GU4453. Women and Resistance in Russia. 3 pts. V. Izmirlieva
Cultural and political history of women and resistance in Russia, from the Putin era to medieval saints. Explores forms and specificity of female resistance in Russia across history. Addresses questions of historical narrative in light of missing sources. Material includes: prose by Svetlana Alexievich, Lydia Chukovskaya, Lidiya Ginzburg, Alexandra Kollontai, Masha Gessen, Anna Politkovskaia, and Pussy Riot’s Nadezhda Tolokonnikova; poetry by Anna Akhmatova, Marina Tsvetaeva and Sophia Parnok; films by Kira Muratova; visual art by Natalia Goncharova and fellow “amazons” of the Russia Avant Garde, together with memoirs, saint’s lives, letters, diaries, and urban legend. Final project: curating a museum exhibit. Prerequisites: Open to undergraduate and graduate students. No Russian required for the undergraduate students. Graduate students are expected to do the readings in Russian.
GU4676. Russian Art Between East and West. 3 pts. E. ValkenierThis course aims to be more than a basic survey that starts with icons and ends with the early modernists. Taking an inderdisciplinary approach, it aims to highlight how the various cultural transmissions interacted to produce, by the 1910s, an original national art that made an innovative contribution to the world of art. It discusses the development of art not only in terms of formal, aesthetic analysis, but also in the matrix of changing society, patronage system, economic life and quest for national identity. Several guest speakers will discuss East-West problematic in their related fields - for example in literature and ballet. Some familiarity with Russian history and literature will be helpful, but not essential. Assigned reading in English.
GU4910. Literary Translation. 3 pts. R. Meyer
Prerequisite: four years of college Russian or the equivalent. Workshop in literary translation from Russian into English focusing on the practical problems of the craft. Each student submits a translation of a literary text for group study and criticism. The aim of the class is to produce translations of publishable quality. May count as a literature course for the M.A. or Ph.D. degree.
GR6009. Gogol. 4 pts. I. Reyfman
A close study in the original of the major works.
GR6021. Structure of Modern Standard Russian. 4 pts. B. Gasparov
A survey of Russian morphosyntax, with emphasis on modern approaches to the description of Russian grammar.
GR6032. Russian Modernism (aka Modernist Russian Prose). 4 pts. Staff
A knowledge of Russian is not required. The major writers and trends of Russian modernism, set in cultural context (alongside music, art, and politics), with an emphasis on prose fiction. Garshin, Kuprin, Andreev, Gorky, Bely, Pasternak, Bunin, Remizov, and others. (Ph.D. students in Russian literature should be prepared to read in the original.)
GR6039. Literature, Politics and Tradition after Stalin. 4 pts. Staff
A knowledge of Russian is not required. The major writers and trends in Russian literature from the death of Stalin to the present. Emphasis on the rethinking of the role of literature in society and on formal experimentation engendered by relaxation of political controls over literature. (Ph.D. students in Russian literature should be prepared to read in the original.)
GR6040. Eighteenth Century Russian Literature. 4 pts. I. Reyfman.
A survey of eighteenth century Russian poetry, prose and drama in the original. The reading list includes Feofan Prokopovich, Vasily Trediakovsky, Mikhailo Lomonosov, Alexsandr Sumarokov, Alexsandr Radishchev, Gavrila Derzhavin, and Nikolai Karamzin.
GR6041. Contemporary Russian Culture and Society. 4 pts. Staff.
"Contemporary Russian Culture and Society" examines major topics in present day Russian culture (literary (prose and poetry); language; philology and literary criticism; theater; cinema; architecture; childhood and education). This graduate seminar will be conducted in Russian; texts in various genres will be read and discussed; also included will be projects, film screenings, and guest lectures.
GR6043. Russian Poetry and Poetics in the 1920s. 4pts. Staff.
The course explores the cultural phenomena of the 1920s. Poetic texts by Osip Mandelstam, Anna Akhamtova, Vladimir Maiakovsky, Boris Pasternak, and nikolai Zabolotsky - will be examined alongside with the major writings of Russian Formalists (Yuri Tynianov, Boris Eichenbaum, Grigorii Gukovsky), as well as juxtaposed with contemporary art and architecture. This graduate semiar will be conducted in English.
GR6044. Developing Academic Discourse: How to Talk About Your Research in Russian. 4pts. A. Smyslova.
This language course is designed to provide those MA and PhD students who want to be able to present and discuss their research in Russian with an opportunity to develop discipline-specific vocabulary and syntax that are typical of the Russian academic discourse. The course targets mostly productive language skills in both oral and written modes and is conducted in Russian.
GR6104. Old Russian Literature. 4 pts. V. Izmirlieva
A survey of the principal genres of original and translated literature, with class readings and explication of assigned texts.
GR6105x. Old Russian Literature II. 4 pts. V. Izmirlieva
Surveys major works of the Russian literary cannon, from the late Muscovite period through the seventeenth century. Emphasis on the rhetoric of empire and Muscovite imperial ideology, the emergence of literary subjectivity and the transformation of medieval genres. No knowledge of Old Church Slavonic is required, but good reading comprehension of Russian is a must.
GR6119. Eighteenth-Century Russian Poetry. 4 pts. I. Reyfman
A survey of Russian poetry from the late seventeenth to the early nineteenth century.
GR6120. Nineteenth-Century Russian Poetry. 3 pts. Staff
The major themes and modes of Russian poetry from preromanticism up to “pure art.” Selections from Batiushkov, Zhukovsky, Baratynsky, Yazykov, Lermontov, Tiutchev, Karolina Pavlova, Nekrasov, and Fet.
GR6131. Twentieth-Century Poetry. 3pts. B. Gasparov
This course offers a histroical survey of the Russian novel in the epoch of modernism, from the beginning of the twentieth century through the 1970s. The theoretical focus of the course concerns the evolution of modernist aesthetic, and the way this process was reflected in fundamental features of the genre and their transformation. While this course is focused on novels of Russian modernism, each work of Russian literature is considered alongside its Western counterpart or counterparts. It belongs to strategic aims of the course to show Russian twentieth-century literature as an integral part of modernism at large and its historical developments.
GR6140. The Classic Russian Novel. 4 pts. L. Knapp
Selected novels of Gogol, Turgenev, Tolstoy, and Dostoevsky will be read closely, with special attention to the development and flowering of the Russian novel, to the question of what a novel is (in the Russian context), and to the cultural work of these novels. Readings will also include seminal works of criticism, selected works on the theory of the novel, and additional novels from the Russian and European traditions that are relevant to the novels studied in the course. Students must be able to read the major texts in Russian.
GR6142. Russian Orthodox Culture. 4 pts. V. Izmirlieva
From Prince Valdimir’s Rus’ to the Post-Soviet Russia of Vladimir Putin, religion has remained a key factor in the making and remaking of Russian polity and culture. This course will explore how Orthodox Christianity—whether privileged or persecuted—came to dominate the Russian religious scene and shape Russian institutions, discourses, and lived experiences. Students will draw from a variety of primary and secondary sources—chronicles, saints’ lives, travel narratives, memoirs, letters, legal documents, icons and other ritual objects, films and fictional texts, as well as a large body of scholarly works and contemporary media materials—to examine how Russia’s Orthodox past and its rewriting into competing “histories” have been used over time as “legacies” shaping the present and the future.
GR6160. Neglected Masterpieces. 4 pts. I. Reyfman
A study in the original of works that rarely receive attention in traditional courses of Russian literature. The list of readings includes works by Krylov, Vladimir Odoevsky, Kozma Prutkov, Leskov, and others.
GR6161. Chekhov and the Short Story. 4 pts. C. Popkin
A detailed consideration, in the original, of Chekhov's corpus of short stories, with particular attention to how they work and how they work together. Of special concern will be the relationship of this physician/writer's work to late nineteenth-century scientific discourses and epistemological dilemmas.
GR6162. Chekhov and the Drama. 4 pts. C. Popkin
A close reading, in the original, of Chekhov's plays, with particular attention to the interplay of formal innovation and thematic preoccupation.
GR6163. Anton Chekhov: Short Stories/Long Plays. 4 pts. C. Popkin
A detailed consideration, in the original, of Chekhov’s corpus of innovative short stories and dramas, with particular attention to how they work, how they work together, what they work with, and how best to work with them. Readings include both primary and secondary sources; students will also have the opportunity to attend or view productions of some of the theatrical works. Strong reading proficiency in Russian required.
GR6202. Pushkin. 3 pts. B. Gasparov
The thematic and structural development of the major verse forms—narrative, dramatic, and lyric.
GR6204. Reading Turgenev. 4 pts. C. Popkin
A close study, in the original, of a number of Turgenev's works, major and "minor," with an eye to the methodological problems inherent in characterizing an author's oeuvre. We will consider the ways he has been read and situated in the tradition in an effort to identify--or generate--productive modes of reading Turgenev.
GR6213. Mandelshtam: The Poet and His Language. 3 pts. B. Gasparov
Examination of various aspects of Mandelshtam’s oeuvre, with special attention to his development, from his early relations to post-symbolism to his gradual incorporation of the ideas and discourses of the post-revolutionary epoch.
GR6216. Dostoevsky. 4 pts. L. Knapp
A knowledge of Russian is not required. The major works, their structure, implications, and background.
GR6217. Pasternak. 4 pts. B. Gasparov
A comprehensive examination of various genres of Pasternak’s writings and their relations to the poet’s aesthetics, philosophical, and religious views.
GR6225. History of the Russian Literary Language. 4 pts. B. Gasparov
Prerequisite: Slavic Linguistics G4005, Introduction to Old Church Slavonic. A survey of styles and genres of the Russian written language at major epochs in their development from Kievan Rus through the early twentieth century.
GR6501. Acmeism. 4 pts. V. Izmirlieva
A survey of Acmeist aesthetics and a study in the original of major works of the Russian Acmeists: Innokentii Annenskii, Nikolai Gumilev, Anna Akhmatova, Osip Mandelshtam, Mikhail Kuzmin, and Vladislav Khodasevich.
GR8001. Proseminar In Literary Studies. 4 pts.
Required of all candidates for the M.A. degree in Russian, Czech, Ukraine, and Polish literature. Introduction to the theory and practice of literary criticism.
GR8036-GR8037. Directed Research in Old Russian Literature and Folklore. 3 pts. Staff
GR8038-GR8039. Directed Research in Russian Literature of the Nineteenth Century. 3 pts. Staff
GR8040-GR8041. Directed Research in Russian Literature of the Twentieth Century. 3 pts. Staff
GR8042-GR8043. Directed Research in the Modern Period. 3 pts. Staff
GR8044-GR8045. Directed Research in Russian Literature of the Eighteenth Century. 3 pts. Staff
GR9000. Master’s Research Instruction. 4 pts. Staff
Prerequisite: Russian G8001. Required for all M.A. candidates in the Slavic Languages department. Instruction in the preparation of the master’s essay.
GU4002 Romanian Culture, Identity & Complexes. 3pts. M. Momescu.
This course addresses the main problems that contribute to the making of Romanian identity, as fragmented or as controversial as it may seem to those who study it. The aim is to become familiar with the deepest patterns of Romanian identity, as we encounter it today, either in history, political studies, fieldwork in sociology or, simply, when we interact with Romanians. By using readings and presentations produced by Romanian specialists, we aim to be able to see the culture with an "insider's eye", as much as we can. This perspective will enable us to develop mechanisms of understanding the Romanian culture and mentality independently, at a more profound level and to reason upon them.
GU4015. Ideology, History, Identity: South Slavic Writers from Modernism to Postmodernism and Beyond. 3 pts. Staff
Explores the issue of Yugoslav identity through the representative texts of major Serbian writers, such as Milos Crnjanski, Ivo Andric, Danilo Kis, Milorad Pavic, and Borislav Pekic.
GU4100. Central Europe and the Orient in the Works of Yugoslav Writers. 3 pts. Staff
Explores the topic through the analysis of the works of Vladan Desnica, Miroslav Krleza, Ivo Andric, and Mesa Selimovic. Parallel reading lists are available in English and Serbian/Croatian.
GU4002. (Dis)integration in Frames: Race, Ethnicity, and Gender Issues in Yugoslav and post-Yugoslav Cinemas. 3 pts A. Boskovic
This course investigates the complex relationship between aesthetics and ideology in Yugoslav and post-Yugoslav cinema. Specifically, it examines the variety of ways in which race, ethnicity, gender inequality, and national identity are approached, constructed, promoted, or contested and critically dissected in film texts from the Socialist Federative Republic of Yugoslavia (SFRY) and its succesor states (Bosnia, Croatia, Serbia, FYR Macedonia). The course has four thematic units and is organized chronologically.
GR8001-GR8002. Directed Research in Serbo-Croatian Literature, I and II. 3-4 pts. R. Gorup
Slavic Cultures [SLCL]
GU4120. Exploring East European Identities through Literature and Film. 3 pts. Staff
An advanced introduction to East European literature and culture through a discussion of the articulations of East European identity-shaping experiences in several major twentieth-century films and literary texts. Readings include Joseph Roth, Stanislaw Wyspiański, Bruno Schulz, and Danilo Kiš. Readings in English.
GR8020-GR8021. Directed Research in Slavic Cultures. 3 pts. Staff
Slavic Literatures [SLLT]
GU4001. Contemporary East European Literature 4 pts. Staff
Knowledge of language is not required. A seminar focusing on the changes in the literary situation in East European countries that have accompanied and followed the end of the Communist rule. The reading list includes works by representative authors from Poland, the Czech Republlic, Slovakia, Hungary, the former Yugoslavia, Bulgaria, and Ukraine.
GU4003. Central European Drama. 3 pts. I. Sanders
The aim of this course is to focus on the (often deceptive) modernity of the modern Central European (i.e., Austrian, Swiss, Hungarian, Polish, Czech) theater. Rrepresentative turn-of-the century, early twentieth-century, as well as post-1945 plays will be examined.
GR9001. Doctoral Research Seminar. 2 pts. C. Popkin
The seminar provides strategic training in how to conduct scholarship in the field, how to conceptualize and plan a dissertation, how to write and defend a dissertation brief, and how to launch research on a dissertation, as well as in related aspects of the profession (including preparing fellowship and grant proposals, publications and conference papers based on dissertation work in progress). Required of students in their fourth year of the doctoral program.
GU4037. The Aura of Soviet Ukrainian Modernism. 3 pts. M. Andryczyk.
This course studies the renaissance in Ukrainian culture of the 1920s - a period of revolution, experimentation, vibrant expression and polemics. Focusing on the most important developments in literature, as well as on the intellectual debates they inspired, the course will also examine the major achievements in Ukrainian theater, visual art and film as integral components of the cultural spirit that defined the era. Additionally, the course also looks at the subsequent implementation of socialist realism and its impact on Ukrainian culture and on the cultural leaders of the renaissance. The course treats one of the most important periods of Ukrainian culture and examines its lasting impact on taday's Ukraine. This period produced several world-renowned cultural figures, whose connections with 1920s Ukraine have only recently begun to be discussed. The course will be complemented by film screenings, presentations of visual art and rare publications from this period. Enitrely in English with a parallel reading list for those who read Ukrainian.
GU4054. Creating Identity in Contemporary Ukrainian Culture. 3 pts. M. Andryczyk.
This course presents and examines post-Soviet Ukrainian culture. Students will learn about the significant achievements, names, events, scandals and polemics in contemporary Ukrainian culture and will see how they have contributed to Ukraine’s post-Soviet identity. Centered on the most important successes in literature, the course will also explore the key developments in music and visual art in this period. The course will look at what images have come to represent Ukraine and how they were created. By also studying Ukrainian culture with regards to its relationship with Ukraine’s changing political life, students will obtain a good understanding of the dynamics of today’s Ukraine and the development of Ukrainians as a nation in the 21st century. The course will be complemented by audio and video presentations and, through the Harriman Institute’s on-going Contemporary Ukrainian Literature Series, will offer students the unique opportunity to meet several leading Ukrainian writers in-person. Entirely in English with a parallel reading list for those who read Ukrainian.
GR8001-GR8002. Directed Research in Ukrainian Literature, I and II. 3-4 pts. Staff